Virginia Condominium Act

Title 55.1, Chapter 19 (Takes Effect October 1, 2019)

The Virginia Condominium Act (the “Act”) found under the new Title 55.1, Chapter 19 (§§ 55.1-1900 through 55.1-1995) of the Code of Virginia, applies to “all condominiums and to all horizontal property regimes or condominium projects. This chapter supersedes the Horizontal Property Act (§ 55.1-2000 et seq.), and no condominium shall be established under the Horizontal Property Act on or after July 1, 1974.” This new chapter takes effect on October 1, 2019 and repeals Title 55 as of said date. For more on applicability of provisions of this chapter, please read § 55.1.1901 below.

The Act is broken down into the following five articles:

Article 1 - General Provisions

Article 2 - Creation, Alteration, and Termination of Condominiums

Article 3 - Management of Condominium

Article 4 - Administration of Chapter; Sale, Etc., of Condominium Units

Article 5 - Disclosure Requirements; Authorized Fees

We encourage all Virginia homeowners to become familiar with the laws and community documents that regulate the management and operation of condominium associations to ensure compliance and avoid HOA Problems. Please follow the red links to read the language of the law.

Article 1 - General Provisions

Section Name Section Number
Definitions 55.1-1900
Application and construction of chapter 55.1-1901
Variation by agreement 55.1-1902
Separate assessments, titles, and taxation 55.1-1903
Association charges 55.1-1904
Local ordinances; nonconforming conversion condominiums; applicability of Uniform Statewide Building Code; other regulations 55.1-1905
Eminent domain 55.1-1906

Article 2 - Creation, Alteration, and Termination of Condominiums

Section Name Section Number
How condominium may be created 55.1-1907
Release of liens 55.1-1908
Description of condominium units 55.1-1909
Execution of condominium instruments 55.1-1910
Recordation of condominium instruments 55.1-1911
Construction of condominium instruments 55.1-1912
Complementarity of condominium instruments; controlling construction 55.1-1913
Validity of condominium instruments; discrimination prohibited 55.1-1914
Compliance with condominium instruments 55.1-1915
Contents of declaration 55.1-1916
Allocation of interests in the common elements 55.1-1917
Reallocation of interests in common elements 55.1-1918
Assignments of limited common elements; conversion to common element 55.1-1919
Contents of plats and plans 55.1-1920
Bond to insure completion of improvements 55.1-1921
Preliminary recordation of plats and plans 55.1-1922
Easement for encroachments 55.1-1923
Conversion of convertible lands 55.1-1924
Conversion of convertible spaces 55.1-1925
Expansion of condominium 55.1-1926
Contraction of condominium 55.1-1927
Easement to facilitate conversion and expansion 55.1-1928
Easement to facilitate sales 55.1-1929
Declarant's obligation to complete and restore 55.1-1930
Alterations within units 55.1-1931
Relocation of boundaries between units 55.1-1932
Subdivision of units 55.1-1933
Amendment of condominium instruments 55.1-1934
Use of technology 55.1-1935
Merger or consolidation of condominiums; procedure 55.1-1936
Termination of condominium 55.1-1937
Rights of mortgagees 55.1-1938
Statement of unit owner rights 55.1-1939

Article 3 - Management of Condominium

Section Name Section Number
Bylaws to be recorded with declaration; contents; unit owners' association; executive board; amendment of bylaws 55.1-1940
Amendment to condominium instruments; consent of mortgagee 55.1-1941
Reformation of declaration; judicial procedure 55.1-1942
Control of condominium by declarant 55.1-1943
Deposit of funds 55.1-1944
Books, minutes, and records; inspection 55.1-1945
Management office 55.1-1946
Transfer of special declarant rights 55.1-1947
Declarants not succeeding to special declarant rights 55.1-1948
Meetings of unit owners' association and executive board 55.1-1949
Distribution of information by members 55.1-1950
Display of the flag of the United States; necessary supporting structures; affirmative defense 55.1-1951
Meetings of unit owners' associations and executive board; quorums 55.1-1952
Meetings of unit owners' associations and executive board; voting by unit owners; proxies 55.1-1953
Officers 55.1-1954
Upkeep of condominiums; warranty against structural defects; statute of limitations for warranty; warranty review committee 55.1-1955
Control of common elements 55.1-1956
Common elements; notice of pesticide application 55.1-1957
Tort and contract liability; judgment lien 55.1-1958
Suspension of services for failure to pay assessments; corrective action; assessment of charges for violations; notice; hearing; adoption and enforcement of rules and regulations 55.1-1959
Limitation of occupancy of a unit 55.1-1960
Use of for sale sign in connection with resale 55.1-1961
Designation of authorized representative 55.1-1962
Insurance 55.1-1963
Liability for common expenses; late fees 55.1-1964
Reserves for capital components 55.1-1965
Lien for assessments 55.1-1966
Notice of sale under deed of trust 55.1-1967
Bond to be posted by declarant 55.1-1968
Restraints on alienation 55.1-1969

Article 4 - Administration of Chapter; Sale, Etc., of Condoninium Units

Section Name Section Number
Common Interest Community Board 55.1-1970
General powers and duties of the Common Interest Community Board 55.1-1971
Exemptions from certain provisions of article 55.1-1972
Rental of units 55.1-1973
Limitations on dispositions of units 55.1-1974
Application for registration; fee 55.1-1975
Public offering statement; condominium securities 55.1-1976
Inquiry and examination 55.1-1977
Notice of filing and registration 55.1-1978
Annual report by declarant 55.1-1979
Annual report by unit owners' association 55.1-1980
Termination of registration 55.1-1981
Conversion condominiums; special provisions 55.1-1982
Escrow of deposits 55.1-1983
Declarant to deliver declaration to purchaser 55.1-1984
Investigations and proceedings 55.1-1985
Cease and desist orders 55.1-1986
Revocation of registration 55.1-1987
Judicial review 55.1-1988
Penalties 55.1-1989

Article 5 - Disclosure Requirements; Authorized Fees

Section Name Section Number
Resale by purchaser; contract disclosure; right of cancellation 55.1-1990
Contents of resale certificate; delivery 55.1-1991
Fees for resale certificate 55.1-1992
Properties subject to more than one declaration 55.1-1993
Requests by settlement agents 55.1-1994
Exceptions to disclosure requirements 55.1-1995

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