HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATION INFORMATION
The information provided by HOPB is for educational purposes only and it's not meant to provide or to be construed as legal advice. Any legal questions, should be directed to your attorney. We cannot respond to questions regarding the law.
HOA LAWS AND REGULATIONS
Direct link to: Virginia Law
Federal Laws - In addition to state law regulations, the federal government has laws that govern the operation and management of common interest communities in the state of Virginia.
Virginia Debt Collection Act - regulates debt collection at the state level and contains provisions similar to the Federal Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). Virginia’s Debt Collection Act is administered by the state’s Attorney General.
Virginia Fair Housing Law - This law protects people from housing discrimination based on race, sex, pregnancy, disability, nationality, religion, color or familial status. This law applies to all associations and property managers in the state of Virginia. For more information or to file a housing discrimination complaint please visit the Virginia Department of Occupational and Regulation. Visit the Federal Laws page for more laws applicable to common interest communities.
Virginia Nonstock Corporation Act (Title 13.1, Chapter 10)
Amended Statutes Impacting Common Interest Communities (Effective October 1, 2019)
Common Interest Communities (Title 54.1 Professions and Occupations, Chapter 23.3)
Virginia Property Owners Association Act (Title 55.1, Chapter 18) - Applies to all developments subject to a declaration recorded after January 1, 1959.
Virginia Condominium Act (Title 55.1, Chapter 19) - Applies to all condominiums and horizontal property regimes established after July 1, 1974.
Virginia Horizontal Property Act (Title 55.1, Chapter 20) - Applies to condominium projects established before July 1, 1974.
Current Statutes Impacting Common Interest Communities
Horizontal Property Act - Code of Virginia, Title 55, Chapter 4.1 [Repealed Effective October 1, 2019]
Condominium Act - Code of Virginia, Title 55, Code 4.2 [Repealed Effective October 1, 2019]
Property Owners' Association Act - Code of Virginia, Title 55, Chapter 26 [Repealed Effective October 1, 2019]
Virginia Residential Property Disclosure Act - Code of Virginia, Title 55, Chapter 27 [Repealed Effective October 1, 2019]
Common Interest Community Management Information Fund - Code of Virginia, Title 55, Chapter 29 [Repealed Effective October 1, 2019]
Common Interest Community Ombudsman Regulations (May 1, 2017). This regulation requires that associations set rules for receiving and considering complaints from members and other citizens.
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES & RESOURCES
Virginia Government Portal - Search for government information by topic and agency.
Attorney General of Virginia - The office of the attorney general plays an important role in protecting the state's citizens.
Virginia Fair Housing Office - The office administers and enforces fair housing laws relating to housing discrimination based on race, color, national origin, sex, disability, familial status (families with children under age 18), or “elderliness” (age 55 or older).
Virginia Secretary of the Commonwealth - Information on elections, businesses, licensing, and securities.
HOA Search - Homeowners can find corporate information on Virginia associations by conducting a search under the name of the community or development. This information includes contact information for registered agents, property managers, and access to corporate documents.
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) - Is the federal agency “responsible for national policy and programs that address America's housing needs, that improve and develop the Nation's communities, and enforce fair housing laws.”
Virginia Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services - The agency provides leadership on food, agriculture, natural resources, and related issues.
Common Interest Community Board - Virginia associations are required to file annual reports with the Common Interest Community Board. They regulate community managers, as well as certain employees of licensed management firms.
Office of the Common Interest Community Ombudsman - The state agency provides association members with assistance and information about their rights and processes available to them through their associations.
Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency - Find solar access policies and incentives
Access to Justice - Free and Low Cost Legal Resources in Virginia. A guide for helping low- and modest-income Virginians obtain legal services
Virginia Legal Aid - Find out if you are eligible for Virginia legal aid services
Virginia's Judicial System - Access the Supreme Court of Virginia, the Court of Appeals of Virginia, circuit courts in thirty-one judicial circuits, general district and juvenile and domestic relations district courts in thirty-two districts, and magistrates in offices in thirty-two districts.
HELP FOR CONDOMINIUM, COOPERATIVE AND HOA OWNERS
Homeowners can visit the Office of the Common Interest Community Ombudsman to obtain information and assistance with homeowners’ association, condominium, and cooperative matters.
Regulatory Programs and Compliance Section
Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation
9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 400
Richmond, Virginia 23233-1463
Phone: (804) 367-8504
FAX: (866) 282-3932